Design, Monitoring and Evaluation for Peacebuilding

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Evaluative Learning Review: Field Study USAID/West Bank Gaza People-to-People Reconciliation Annual Program Statement Grants

Author, Copyright Holder: 
Ned Lazarus, Ayse Kadayifci-Orellana, Maya Kahanoff, and Fakhira Halloun
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USAID CMM APS Field Study IWBG.pdf718.57 KB

Since 2004, the United States Agency for International Development’’s (USAID) Office of Conflict

Management and Mitigation (CMM) in Washington has held an annual Reconciliation Program Fund

small-grants competition through an ““Annual Program Statement”” (APS). The Fund is a Congressional

appropriation to support local-level ““people-to-people”” (P2P) conflict mitigation and reconciliation

programs, and has grown from an initial award pool of $8 million to $26 million annually, with $10

million specifically allocated for programs in Israel/West Bank/Gaza (IWBG). To date, the APS has

supported over 135 peacebuilding projects in 35 countries. Grants range from $500,000 to $1.2 million

for projects of 12-36 months in duration; smaller Fixed Obligation Grants (FOGs) also offer up to

$100,000 for short-term projects.57


As defined in CMM’’s People-to-People Peacebuilding: A Program Guide, P2P reconciliation programs operate

based on the Theory of Change (ToC) that in ““communities where elites or other societal forces have

damaged or severed the relationships connecting individuals and groups of differing ethnic, political,

religious, or other identities……strong, positive relationships will mitigate against the forces of

dehumanization, stereotyping, and distancing that facilitate violence.””58 APS projects generally bring

together individuals of different ethnic, religious, or political affiliations from areas of conflict. They

provide opportunities for adversaries to address issues, reconcile differences, promote greater

understanding and mutual trust, and work on common goals with regard to potential, ongoing, or

recently ended conflict.